The Municipality of
Gradiska is situated in the northwestern part of the Republic
of Srpska and covers Lijevce Polje (i.e. field) and Potkozarje
(i.e. the region below Kozara Mount) of a total area of 762 km2.
Along the Sava river on the north, at a length of over 40 km,
it borders with the Croatian Municipalities of Nova Gradiska and
Novska, while on the east, it borders with the Municipality of
Srbac, on the south predominantly with Laktasi and partly with
the Municipality of Banja Luka and on the west and southwest with
the Kozarsko-Dubicka and Prijedorska Municipalities.
Some 62,000 people inhabit the territory of the Municipality while
the town itself has a population of 18.000. The Municipality has
69 villages organized in 53 local communities.
The largest village settlements are Nova Topola, G. Podrgradci,
Orahova, and Turjak. Electrification of the whole territory of
the Municipality has been completed and the rural settlements
are about to be interfaced with the telephone network. All the
villages are connected with the center of the Municipality by
bus lines and there are also daily bus lines from Gradiska to
Banja Luka, Belgrade, Novi Sad, Subotica, Sarajevo, and other
places. Gradiska is 50km away from Banja Luka, 280km from Belgrade,
and 130km from Zagreb.
The road network includes 700 km of district
and principal roads and 70 km of trunk roads that via Gradiska
lead towards the eastern parts of the Republic of Srpska and Banja
Luka, and northwards towards the Central and Western Europe.
In Gradiska there is also one of the major
international border crossings in the Republic of Srpska for passenger
and cargo transport.
Apart from the Sava River, which is navigable
in this area, the Municipality is also rich in mountain brooks
the largest of which are Vrbaska, Jablanica, Jurkovica, and Lubina.
Gradiska is located at an altitude of 92 m
above sea level, its fertile Lijevcanska Plain lies at an average
altitude of 110 m above sea level, while certain villages in the
hilly area are situated as high as 300 m above sea level.
The favorable climatic, continental conditions
and the geographic position, rich forest heritage of Kozara and
Prosara Mounts, the fertile Lijevce Plain and parts of Posavina
(i.e. the valley of the Sava river), suitable hilly arable land,
deposits of diabase stone, rich deposits of marble in Prosara,
navigability of the Sava river, and other advantages, have influenced
the development of numerous productive branches of the economy,
primarily of the primary agricultural production, foodstuffs and
wood industries, and others.